Monday, 6 November 2017

Singaporeans must take ownership to make country cleaner: DPM Tharman

Singaporeans urged to change habits, such as relying on others to clean up after them
By Rachel Au-Yong, The Sunday Times, 5 Nov 2017

Singaporeans rely too much on other people to clean up after them, and this has to change if the country wants to become a cleaner, less wasteful society.

To this effect, Deputy Prime Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam yesterday urged Singaporeans to take more ownership in their daily lives.

Speaking at the launch of the annual Clean and Green Singapore carnival at Boon Keng, he noted that the country had made great strides on becoming a garden city with many trees and waterways dotting the island.

But on the cleanliness front, he said: "After 20 to 30 years, we haven't improved in many of our habits."

Mr Tharman also highlighted Singaporeans' reliance on others to clean up after them.

"Today, we are reliant on 50,000 cleaners… We also have our community initiatives, teams of volunteers who go around and help pick up the litter. But that isn't going to solve the problem," he said.

"The only way to solve the problem is habits - habits have to change, and being mindful of our neighbours, being mindful of our fellow citizens, and being public-spirited, is what Singapore has to be all about."

He cited the Ministry of Education's move to get students to have cleaning activities starting this year as a good example of how to get people more involved.

He also noted the advancements in technology that would help more sustainable living, such as cheaper solar panels in the United States.



Environment and Water Resources Minister Masagos Zulkifli later told reporters about the rising number of natural disasters like hurricanes and floods, and how it has prompted accelerated concern about climate change. He added that efforts are under way to get Singaporeans to use cars less frequently, aim at zero-waste lives and recycle more - efforts that would, over time, lead to "less deforestation, pollution and things that contribute to the greenhouse effect".

Public Hygiene Council chairman Edward D'Silva said he believed that Singaporeans may have become lax about public hygiene in recent decades as the authorities tried to steer away from strict penalties like fines and people started to rely more on cleaners and domestic helpers. "It's a natural reaction but a difficult habit to break. We also want to increase awareness, as people don't seem to realise that littering can lead to health hazards like pests," he added.

Mr D'Silva said his council was looking at edgier ways to push Singaporeans to use and waste less, like having a day or two without cleaners, or having no bins at all in a counter-intuitive bid to have less litter - as is the case in Japan.

Progress has been made on some fronts. Last year, the rate of recycling in households inched up to 21 per cent from 19 per cent the year before.

But in other areas, more could be done. The number of fines handed out for littering rose to a seven-year high last year, with the authorities meting out more than 31,000 fines, a 55 per cent jump from 20,000 tickets issued in 2014.

The amount of food waste generated here also climbed by about 40 per cent over the last 10 years. Last year, more than 790,000 tonnes of food was wasted - equivalent to two bowls of rice per person a day.

The Clean and Green festival launched yesterday runs until today for the public. Visitors can pick up tips on how to fight dengue, save energy and aim for zero-waste lives in their homes, at work and in public spaces.
























It's time to send litterbugs to jail


Deputy Prime Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam's take on the state of our cleanliness confirms the findings of the Graciousness Survey (Take ownership to make S'pore cleaner: Tharman; Nov 5).


Littering, public toilets and urination in the public space are observed to be among the worst issues.


The need to be mindful of our neighbours and fellow citizens, and be public-spirited are habits championed by the Public Hygiene Council and the Singapore Kindness Movement for years.


At the recent IPS-Nathan Lectures, former head of civil service Lim Siong Guan reminded us that Singaporeans expressed the wish for a more gracious society in the next 50 years. He opined that we have to start now and move in a more deliberate, urgent and holistic manner.


That we desire to be gracious is hopeful. But it seems that we lack the will to be so.




It is time we made a social compact to generate the will to be gracious and not to litter.


I suggest that the Government stop cleaning up after us. Let there be no cleaning of public litter for some days. Let the litter accumulate so that we can see it, smell it and see how hazardous it is with rats and cockroaches swarming.

Because of the health hazard, we will have no choice but to organise ourselves to clean up the litter.

Thereafter, we can go back to normal cleaning by cleaners but with a new enforcement regime.

Anyone caught littering will pay a hefty fine for the first offence, and a sharp increase for every subsequent offence, including a jail sentence.

Every convicted offender will have to carry out a Corrective Work Order by cleaning the streets in public view.

I am afraid that this is the only way to enforce good habits. We have to be harsh to be kind to ourselves.

William Wan (Dr)
General Secretary
Singapore Kindness Movement
ST Forum, 12 Nov 2017










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